six elements of abstract art

Understanding The 6 Elements of Abstract Art

Abstract art wants to provoke and break the norms.

It opens an enigmatic world where the usual references do not apply, and the familiar forms from your everyday environment take a backseat.

The essence of abstract art is captured in 6 crucial elements, each contributing to the artist's expressive style and the viewer's perception.

Let's explore what these elements are about.

Discover The 6 Elements of Abstract Art

Abstract paintings are a rebellion against the convention. Each stroke involves a coded language forming narratives that defy traditional understanding.

The story they tell doesn't follow traditional ideas and is often told through six key aspects:

  • Form
  • Composition
  • Colors
  • Shapes
  • Texture
  • Line

These six elements make up the core of abstract art, setting it apart as something different and intriguing.

Below, we'll take a closer look at each of these components to understand better what they represent in the world of abstract expression.


Abstract art deviates from the conventional portrayal of realism, instead embracing an array of forms that challenge the norm.

These forms, range from simple geometric designs to more complex streaks or blobs, or even three-dimensional constructions.

Much like discerning shapes in clouds, forms in abstract art stimulate the imagination, allowing individuals to perceive various images within the same artwork.

The painting below shows how different people see art in their own way.

Some might think it looks like a scene of licorice candy, while others might see it as bacteria growing in a lab dish.

The big and random shapes could also remind folks of space with its stars and planets.

Basically, the artwork makes real things seem dreamy, and everyone might see it a bit differently.

black and pink abstract wall art showcasing red and white dots

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The role of texture in abstract art is profound, significantly enhancing the sensory experience it offers.

It's not merely a visual element but invites a tactile interaction, creating an urge to physically experience the artwork.

By employing techniques such as impasto or delicate brushwork, artists impart a sense of depth and dimension, making the surface appear dynamic and inviting.

This tangible aspect of texture enriches the viewer's engagement, prompting a more profound exploration beyond the superficial layer of the piece, thereby deepening the communication between the artwork and the observer.

The painting below showcases a captivating interplay of wavy forms and colors. 

Upon closer examination, it's evident that the artist has layered the colors generously. The distinctive texture of this piece enhances its structural intensity.

Modern Abstract Navy Blue And Red Wall Art

Modern Abstract Navy Blue And Red Wall Art

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Shapes in abstract art are fluid and less constrained by the rules that govern realistic representations.

These forms can range from slightly altered versions of recognizable shapes to completely fantastical representations that defy traditional categorization.

Their purpose isn't to be a faithful depiction but to evoke emotion, provoke thought, and reflect conceptual narratives.

The way these shapes interact can create a visual dialogue, sometimes clashing in dramatic tension, and other times existing in harmonious unity.

In the following artwork, striking combination of geometric shapes and a muted color palette.

At first glance, the viewer is immediately drawn to the series of circles of varying sizes and hues. These circles, layered and overlapping, bring a sense of depth and dimension to the piece. 

An abstract painting framed in black, featuring a pale beige background overlaid with various geometric shapes. Prominent circles in shades of teal, brown, and off-white are interconnected by vertical and horizontal lines. The artwork combines the fluidity of the circles with the rigidness of the lines, suggesting a harmonious blend of movement and structure.


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Line and Contours

In abstract art, lines and contours take on a role beyond mere periphery. They are versatile elements, capable of defining spaces, creating rhythmic motion, or even serving as the focal point of a piece.

These elements are instrumental in conveying dynamism and emotion, often encapsulating the essence of the artist's expression.

Look at the artwork below:

modern abstract wall art black, yellow, pink lines intertwined

This artwork is characterized by its sinuous, intertwining lines that create a fluid, molten-like pattern across the canvas.

The bold black contours sharply define and contrast the vivid shades of yellow, purple, and orange.

These lines, both thick and thin, craft a narrative of movement and depth, guiding the viewer's eyes through a dynamic visual journey within the piece.

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Colors in an abstract painting are pivotal, serving a higher purpose than mere aesthetic appeal.

They wield the power to evoke and communicate emotion directly, transcending the need for form or structure.

The use of color can be strategic and deliberate, chosen for its psychological impact and its ability to express intangible concepts.

The artwork below masterfully employs the element of color to convey depth, balance, and emotion.

Dominated by a subdued palette of muted whites and grays, the canvas is punctuated by bold geometric shapes in black, yellow, and a serene shade of mint green.

These distinct colors create a compelling contrast against the lighter background, drawing the viewer's attention and evoking a sense of harmony.

modern, minimalist abstract wall art black, yellow, green circles on white background

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Composition is the cornerstone of abstract art, orchestrating the chaos into a coherent symphony of visual elements.

It isn't about replicating a recognizable scene but rather about balancing forms, lines, and colors in a way that is aesthetically pleasing while evoking intended emotions.

A well-executed composition guides the viewer's eye, providing a structured journey through the artwork.

Look at the painting below and see how it exhibits a masterful blend of composition and color, harnessing abstract techniques to evoke emotion and provoke thought.

The canvas is partitioned into sections of vibrant hues—warm oranges and yellows juxtaposed against cooler blues and pinks and whites.

An abstract painting framed in black, featuring broad horizontal swatches of color. Dominated by warm hues of vibrant orange and soft yellow, the artwork transitions into shades of deep pink and a touch of calming blue at the bottom. The composition plays with the harmony and contrast of these colors, evoking a sense of a serene, yet passionate landscape.

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Understanding Abstract Art

No two artists whip these elements together the same way. Some might let color steal the show, while others play with space like it’s a cosmic puzzle.

That’s the beauty of abstract art; it’s a personal journey splattered across a canvas. And your ticket to this journey? An open mind!

So, the next time you stand before an abstract painting—where blue blobs meet streaky greys, remember: it’s more than a random mess.

It’s an emotion, a story, a piece of the artist's soul. And what you feel in return is what art is all about. This is why some abstract art pieces are so expensive. People are willing to spend 

Finding Affordable Abstract Wall Art at

Abstract art can be crazy expensive – if you buy a Mark Rothko. 

Yet, here at, we've handpicked a unique collection of abstract and contemporary art for little money. 

colorful abstract wall art a wall in a living room

Our selection of abstract wall art encompasses a variety of styles, including modern, contemporary, minimalist, and geometric designs.

We cater to the tastes of all art enthusiasts with our diverse collection.

In search of the ideal artwork to enhance your environment? Look no further. With prints starting at just $29, we offer global delivery.

For a framed art print, simply select your preferred color and dimensions on our product page.

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